Rights defined

To the Journal editor:

As part of celebrating July 4th, we declare, justify and apply justice.

What is justice?

Justice is stated in our Constitution ratified by our Founding Fathers, laws passed by our legislative branch, regulations given by our executive branch, and decision reached by our judicial branch, including those related to our founding (wealthy white male rights movements), New Deal (worker rights movements), civil rights movements, feminist rights movements and environmental rights movements.

“Justice for all” is declared in our Pledge of Allegiance.

These rights movements reveal our Great American Rights Progression from our Founding in which our minimalist federal government used ideology to provide justice for the few wealthy white males, to many movements in which our activist national government used scientific methodological justice and universal ethical justice to provide justice for all.

These rights movements revealed we used scientific methodological justice to prove there were great differences based on gender, income/wealth, race-ethnicity, or species, and we used universal ethical justice to prove these differences unjust.

Scientific methodological justice (truth) is used to acquire knowledge to realistically describe conditions. It objectively uses valid and reliable data.

Justice for all does not use historical methodological justice that subjectively uses national tradition, and does not use selfish substantive justice that subjectively uses opinion.

Universal ethical justice (goodness) is used to evaluate conditions described through ethics-free scientific methodological justice. It objectively uses our value liberty for all to construct universal rights.

No right is absolute and no right has priority. When there is a conflict among rights, a synthesized justice for all is constructed.

Justice for all does not use selfish ethical justice that uses liberty for self.

General rights include an activist national government, freedoms from damage and discrimination, freedoms of information and speech, accountability, comprehensiveness, effectiveness, efficiency, equal opportunity, equal protection, innovation, life, participation, privacy, proportionality, quality, regulation, rule of law, sustainability and transparency.

Economic rightsinclude 1. capitalism with justice for all mediating unjust inequality, inflation, and recession, 2. family sustaining incomes, 3. progressive taxation and expenditure, and 4. worker rights to organize, collectively bargain, and strike.

Educational, heal care and safety rights include tax-financed and government-run services.

Environmental rights include healthy environments.

Legal rights include due process and presumption of innocence.

Political rights include one-person, one-vote.

Religious rights include separation of church from state.

Justice for all includes all workers and all retired.

Justice for all.

Gordon Peterson

Marquette